Jeffrey Hopkins

Current Focus

I am currently involved in preparing a number of monographs:

  • Primordial Enlightenment: The Nying-ma View of Luminosity and Emptiness, 191 pp. to date, translation of the analysis of the Nying-ma view of basic reality and primordial enlightenment in the second book of Mi-pam-gya-tso’s Trilogy on Fundamental Mind.
  • Where Is the Middle? Two Views of Reality in the Middle Way Autonomy School and Consequence School, 385 pp. to date, presentation of the revealing issues of commonly appearing subjects largely according to Jam-yang-shay-pa.
  • Emptiness in the Autonomy School of Buddhism, 122 pp. to date, in the series Dynamic Responses to Tsong-kha-pa’s The Essence of Eloquence.
  • Overview of Mantra, 432 pp. to date; translation, oral commentary, and my analysis of the Kalkha Mongolian Nga-wang-pel-den’s Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra.
  • Basic Tibetan Grammar: Si-tu’s Commentary on “The Thirty,” 125 pp. to date, the foremost indigenous work on Tibetan grammar.


  • 2005-present, Emeritus Professor, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, University of Virginia
  • 1989-2005: Professor, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, University of Virginia
  • Spring 1995: Yehan Numata Distinguished Visiting Professor of Buddhist Studies: School of Hawaiian, Asian, and Pacific Studies, University of Hawaii.
  • 1983-1984: Distinguished Visiting Professor, Religious Studies, University of British Columbia
  • 1977-1989: Associate Professor, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, University of Virginia
  • 1973-1977: Assistant Professor, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, University of Virginia
  • Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1973
  • B.A., magna cum laude, Harvard University, English literature, 1963.


  • My on-going work stems from research within many areas of scholarship found within the Ge-luk-pa order of Tibetan Buddhism, but also includes research in the Nying-ma order, the oldest tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, as well as the Jo-nang order. My research work tends to fall into four areas: analytical expositions, annotated translations of focal Tibetan texts written by Tibetan and Mongolian scholars (in Tibetan), edited translations of oral presentations by Tibetan scholars, and Tibetan language materials.


  • Established a formal relationship between the Sino-Tibetan Buddhist Studies Programs of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Taipei, Taiwan, and the Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia, 2002.
  • Founded programs in Buddhist Studies, Tibetan Studies, and Tibetan language at the University of Virginia.
  • Organizer and Director: “Nobel Peace Laureates Conference: Human Rights, Conflict, and Reconciliation” presented by the University of Virginia and the Institute for Asian Democracy on November 5 and 6, 1998, at the University of Virginia. Website for the Conference:
  • Director, Center for South Asian Studies, University of Virginia, for twelve years: 1979-82, 1985-1994.
  • President, Institute for Asian Democracy, Washington, D.C.; 1994-2000.
  • Official interpreter on lecture tours for His Holiness the Dalai Lama in the U.S. in 1979, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1989, and 1996; in Canada in 1980; in Southeast Asia and Australia in 1982; in Great Britain in 1984; and in Switzerland in 1985.


  • Tantric Techniques, 425 pp. (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, forthcoming, 2009).
  • A Truthful Heart: Buddhist Practices for Connecting with Others, 216 pp. (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2008). This is a revised edition of my Cultivating Compassion, 190 pp. (New York: Broadway Books, 2001; Dutch edition: Bzztoh, 2001).
  • Absorption In No External World: 170 Issues in Mind-Only Buddhism, Dynamic Responses to Dzong-ka-pa’s The Essence of Eloquence, Volume 3; 583 pp. (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2005).
  • Reflections on Reality: The Three Natures and Non-Natures in the Mind-Only School, Dynamic Responses to Dzong-ka-pa’s The Essence of Eloquence, Volume 2; 598 pp. Awarded as a Philip E. Lilienthal Book. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).
  • Emptiness in the Mind-Only School of Buddhism, Dynamic Responses to Dzong-ka-pa’s The Essence of Eloquence, Volume 1; 542 pp. Awarded as a Philip E. Lilienthal Book. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999; Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 2000).
  • Emptiness Yoga, 510 pp. (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1987; New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal; second edition, Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1996).
  • The Tantric Distinction: A Buddhist’s Reflections on Compassion and Emptiness, 171 pp.; second edition (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1999); first edition (London: Wisdom Publications, 1984); Italian edition (Pisa: Chiara Luce Edizioni, 1992); German edition (Pfaffenhofen: Diamant Verlag, 1994).
  • Meditation on Emptiness, 1017 pp. second edition (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1996); (London: Wisdom Publications, 1983). Currently being translated into Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, and Spanish.
Edited Book
  • The Art of Peace: Nobel Peace Laureates Discuss Human Rights, Conflict and Reconciliation, 184 pp. The two-day Nobel Peace Laureates Conference which I organized and directed for the University of Virginia and the Institute for Asian Democracy, November 5-6, 1998 (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2000); Chinese edition (Taipei: 2003).
Translated, Analyzed, Annotated, and Edited Books
  • Tsong-kha-pa’s Final Exposition of Wisdom, 410 pp. Presentation of the views on ultimate truth by Tsong-kha-pa Lo-sang-drak-pa of the Ge-luk-pa sect in contrast to those of Dol-po-pa Shay-rap-gyel-tsen of the Jo-nang-pa sect, with translations from exemplary treatises (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2008).
  • The Essence of Other-Emptiness, 154 pp. Translation, introduction, and annotation of two texts by Taranatha, a sixteenth-century Tibetan scholar of the Jo-nang school of Tibetan Buddhism (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2007).
  • Mountain Doctrine: Tibet’s Fundamental Treatise on Other-Emptiness and the Buddha Matrix, 835 pp. Translation, annotation, and introduction to the monumental work of the famed fourteenth-century articulator of the doctrine of other-emptiness in the Jo-nang school of Tibetan Buddhism, Döl-bo-pa Shay-rap-gyel-tsen (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2006).
  • Yoga Tantra: Paths to Magical Feats, 177 pp. translated and annotated from the Tibetan by the Dalai Lama and Dzong-ka-pa with my supplementary formulation. (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publica-tions, 2005).
  • Maps of the Profound: Jam-yang-shay-pa’s Great Exposition of Buddhist and Non-Buddhist Views on the Nature of Reality, 1,138 pp. Interwoven commentaries on a late seventeenth-century Tibetan presentation of twelve non-Buddhist and four Buddhist schools of philosophy in India. (Ithaca, N.Y.: Snow Lion Publications, 2003).
  • Nagarjuna’s Precious Garland: Buddhist Advice for Living and Liberation, 284 pp. (Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion, 1998); German edition (Munich: Diederichs, 2006). The introduction is new as of 1998. The translation section supercedes that in my The Precious Garland and the Song of the Four Mindfulnesses, 119 pp., in collaboration with Lati Rinbochay translated from the Tibetan (and Sanskrit) by Nagarjuna and the Tibetan by the Seventh Dalai Lama; (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1975, & New York: Harper and Row, 1975, & New Delhi: Vikas, 1975); Spanish edition (Mexico: Editorial Diana, 1977); Italian edition (Rome: Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 1978); French edition (Toulansur-Arroux: Editions Yiga Tcheu Dzinn, 1980).
  • Tibetan Arts of Love, 282 pp., translated and annotated from the Tibetan by Gedün Chöpel with extensive analysis (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1992); Italian edition (Rome: Casa Editrice, 1996); Spanish edition (Buenos Aires, 1996); French edition (St. Michel en l’Herin: Dharma Edi-tion, 1996); Russian edition (Moscow: Inward Path, 1996); Russian edition (St. Petersburg, 1997); Japanese edition (Tokyo: Tuttle-Mori/Shunjusha, 1997); Polish edition (Warsaw: Zwiazek, 1997); Korean edition (Dulnyouk Publishing Company, 2001); Portuguese edition (Prefacio Editora, 2000); Chinese edition (Taipei: Dala Publishing, 2003).
  • Cutting Through Appearances: The Practice and Theory of Tibetan Buddhism, 359 pp., in collaboration with Professor Geshe Lhundup Sopa, introduction, translation, and extensive annotation from the Tibetan by the Fourth Pan-chen Lama and Gön-chok-jik-may-wang-bo (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1990); Chinese edition (Torch of Wisdom, 1998). This is an expanded version of my Practice and Theory of Tibetan Buddhism, 164 pp., in collaboration with Professor Geshe Lhundup Sopa (London: Hutchinson, 1976; New York: Grove, 1976); German edition (Köln: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1978); Spanish edition (Barcelona: Ediciones Aura, 1978); Italian edition (Rome: Ubaldini Editore, 1978).
  • The Kalachakra Tantra: Rite of Initiation for the Stage of Generation, 511 pp., translated and edited from the Tibetan by Kay-drup and the Dalai Lama with an extensive analysis (London: Wisdom Publications, 1985; revised edition, 1989; second edition (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1999); Spanish edition (Novelda, Alicante: Ediciones Dharma, 1995); French edition (Paris: 2001); German edition (Berlin: Theseus Verlag, 2002).
  • Yoga of Tibet, 274 pp., translated and annotated from the Tibetan by the Dalai Lama and Tsong-ka-pa with my supplementary analysis (London: George Allen and Unwin, 198l); Italian edition (Rome: Ubaldini Roma, 1982); reprinted as Deity Yoga (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1987).
  • Death, Intermediate State, and Rebirth in Tibetan Buddhism, 86 pp., in collaboration with Lati Rinbochay, translated and annotated from the Tibetan by Yang-jen-ga-way-lo-drö with an introduction (London: Rider/Hutchinson, 1980, & Ithaca: Gabriel Press, 1980; Italian edition (Rome: Hutchinson-Ubaldini, 1980); French edition (St. Michel en l’Herm: Editions Dharma/Lapautre, 1980); German edition (Köln: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1983); Portuguese edition (Sao Paulo: Pensamento, 1988); Chinese edition (1997); pirated Thai edition; Polish edition (Krakow: “a” Publishing, 1999); Chinese edition (Taipei: Spring International Publishers Co., Ltd., 2003); Russian edition: (2006).
  • Tantra in Tibet, 252 pp., translated and annotated from the Tibetan by the Dalai Lama and Tsong-ka-pa with my supplementary analysis (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1977; Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1987); German edition (Köln: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1980); Italian edition (Rome: Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 198l); Spanish edition; Portuguese edition.
Translated and Edited Books
  • Becoming Enlightened, translated and edited from lectures by the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala (New York: Atria Books/Simon and Schuster, January, 2009).
  • How to See Yourself As You Really Are, 271 pp., translated and edited from lectures by the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala and personal interview (New York: Atria Books/Simon and Schuster, 2006).
  • Fundamental Mind: The Nyingma View of the Great Completeness, 171 pp., edited translation of the first volume of a trilogy on fundamental mind by Mi-pam-gya-tso with oral commentary by Khetsun Sangbo Rinbochay (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2006).
  • How to Expand Love: Widening the Circle of Loving Relationships, 121 pp., translated and edited from teachings by the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala (New York: Atria Books/Simon and Schuster, 2005).
  • Mind of Clear Light: Advice on Living Well and Dying Consciously, 237 pp., (originally titled Advice on Dying), translated and edited from personal teaching by the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala (New York: Atria Books/Simon and Schuster, 2002); also Simon and Schuster unabridged audio read by myself; UK/Commonwealth edition: Rider/Random House UK; book club edition: One Spirit; Chinese edition: Commonwealth, 2003; Brazilian Portuguese edition: Rocco; Croation edition: Mozaik Knjiga; Danish edition: PP Forlag; Dutch edition: DeBoekerij; French edition: Plon; German edition: Herder; Greek edition: Pyrinos Cosmos; Italian edition: Mondadori; Japanese edition: Jiyu Sha; Korean edition: Thenan; Norwegian edition: Damm; Polish book club: Bertelsmann Poland; Polish edition: Rebis; Spanish and Catalan editions: RBA Editores; Swedish edition: Wahl-strom & Widstrand.
  • How to Practice: The Way to a Meaningful Life, 219 pp., translated and edited lectures by the Dalai Lama in Melbourne (New York: Pocket Books Hardcover/Simon and Schuster, 2002); also Simon and Schuster unabridged audio read by myself; Audio Book Club: One Spirit; German edition: Herder Spectrum, 2002; Danish edition: Aschehoug, 2002; Dutch edition: DeBoekerij, 2002; French edition: Plon, 2003; Latvian edition: Atena, 2003; Chinese edition: Eurasian, 2003; foreign editions forthcoming Brazilian Portuguese edition: Rocco; Catalan edition: RBA; Croatian edition: Mozaik Knijiga; Czech edition: Euromedia; Estonian edition: Tanapaev; Finnish edition: Wsoy, 2003; Greek edition: Esoptron; Hungarian edition: Forever; Italian edition: Mondadori; Korean edition: Thenan; Lithuanian edition: Anankas Keidykl; Norwegian edition: Arneberg; Polish book club: Bertelsmann; Polish edition: Rebis; Portuguese edition: Rocco; Russian edition: Sophia; Slovene edition: Ucila; Spanish edition: RBA; Swedish edition: Prisma; Thai edition: Garden of Fruitio; UK/BC edition: Rider/Random House UK, 2003.
  • Meditations of a Tibetan Tantric Abbot, 175 pp., edited translation from Tibetan of oral teachings by Kensur Lekden; second edition (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 2001); first edition (Dharamsala, India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1977); condensed edition in my Compassion In Tibetan Buddhism; French edition in “Meditations d’un Superieur de College Tantrique et Pratique de la Vacuité,” 231 pp. (Peymeinade: Editions Dharma, 1979).
  • Calm Abiding and Special Insight, 334 pp., Studies In Tibetan Buddhism Series, translated and edited lectures by Geshe Gedün Lodrö at the University of Virginia in 1979 (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1998). This is a restructuring of my Walking Through Walls: A Presentation of Tibetan Meditation, 441 pp., (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1992).
  • Sex, Orgasm, and the Mind of Clear Light, 122 pp. (Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 1998).
  • The Meaning of Life: Buddhist Perspectives on Cause and Effect, 148 pp., translated and edited lectures by the Dalai Lama in London in 1984; second edition (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2000); Spanish edition (Barcelona: Ediciones Martinez Roca, 2000; Portuguese edition (São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2001); Dutch edition (Utrecht/Antwerpen: Kosmos-Z&K Uitgevers, 2001). This involved an extensive re-editing and new introduction to the first edition, The Meaning of Life From a Buddhist Perspective, 111 pp. (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1992); German edition (Hamburg: Dharma Edition, 1996); French edition (St-Jean-de-Braye: Editions Dangles, 1996); Japanese edition (Tokyo: Kobunsha, 1997); Italian edition (Milan: Rizzoli, 1997); Spanish edition (Barcelona: Helios, 1997).
  • The Dalai Lama at Harvard, 255 pp., translated and edited seminar on Buddhist philosophy by the Dalai Lama at Harvard University in 1981 (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1988; German edition (Grafing: Aquamarin, 1991); Spanish edition (Barcelona: Circulo, 1991); Korean edition (Seoul: Saetur, 1994); Chinese edition (Taipei: Mahamudra Publications, 1995); Spanish edition (Madrid: Ediciones Apostrofe Pokhara, 1995); Japanese edition (Tokyo: Daito, 1996); French edition (Editions Tredaniel); Italian edition (Prodenone: Edizioni Studio Tesi, forthcoming); Portuguese edition (forthcoming).
  • Health Through Balance: An Introduction to Tibetan Medicine, 252 pp., translated and edited lectures by Dr. Yeshi Donden (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1986); Polish edition (Warsaw: Adam Kosiel); Portuguese edition (Ed. Chakpori, Sao Paulo); Italian edition (Rome: Casa Ed./Ubaldini, 1990); Chinese edition (Taipei: Mahamudra Publications); Thai edition (Bangkok: Traditional Medicine for Self-Reliance, 1996); Croatian edition (Zagreb: Buddhist Society of Croatia); Japanese edition (Tokyo: Jiyu-Sha [Japan Uni Agency], forthcoming); Finnish edition (Helsinki: Biokustannus Oy); French edition (Paris: Librairie d’Amerique et d’Orient); Russian edition (Kalmykia: Sanan Koldoev, 2006); Russian edition (Moscow: Inward Path, forthcoming); German edition (forthcoming); Bulgarian edition (forthcoming); India edition; Spanish edition.
  • Kindness, Clarity, and Insight, 232 pp., translated and edited lectures by the Dalai Lama in North America (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1984); Spanish edition (Ed. Dharma, 1986); Dutch edition (den Haag: Mirananda, 1986); German edition (Munich: Goldman, 1989); Portuguese edition (Sao Paulo: Pensamento, 1989); Italian edition (Rome: Casa Ed./Ubaldini, 1989); French edition (Paris: Éditions du Seuile; 1991); Japanese edition (Tokyo: Tuttle-Mori, 1992); Chinese edition (Taipei: The China Times, 1991); Czech edition (Prague: Buddhist Soc. & Panorama, 1994); Finnish edition (Helsinki: Biokustannus Oy, 1996); Romanian edition (Bucharest: Herald Grup, 1997); Tibetan edition translated from my English.
  • Meditative States in Tibetan Buddhism, 277 pp., in collaboration with Lati Rinbochay, Lochö Rinbochay, and Leah Zahler; translated and edited lectures and a text by Pan-chen Sö-nam-drak-pa (London: Wisdom Publications, 1983; second edition, Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1997).
  • Tantric Practice in Nyingma, 239 pp., translated and edited lectures by Ven. Khetsun Sangpo (London: Rider/Hutchinson, 1982; Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1983); German edition (Munich: Diederichs Verlag, 1988); Chinese edition (Om Ah Hum, 1998).
  • Compassion in Tibetan Buddhism, 263 pp., translated and edited lectures by Kensur Ngawang Lekden (see above) and the first five chapters of Tsong-ka-pa’s commentary on Chandrakirti’s Supplement to the Middle Way (London: Rider/Hutchinson, 1980, & Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1980); Italian edition (Rome: Ubaldini Editore, 198l).
Translated Book
  • The Buddhism of Tibet and the Key to the Middle Way, 104 pp., in collaboration with Lati Rinbochay from the Tibetan by the Dalai Lama (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1975, & New York: Harper and Row, 1975, & New Delhi: Vikas, 1975); Spanish edition (Mexico: Editorial Diana, 1976); Italian edition (Rome: Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 1978); Dutch edition (Holland: Uitgeverij Ankh-Hermes-bv-Deventer, 1979); Portuguese edition (1978); and Japanese edition (1980). Reprinted with The Precious Garland and the Song of the Four Mindfulnesses in a combined volume, The Buddhism of Tibet (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1983).
Language Textbook with CD ROM
  • Fluent Tibetan: A Proficiency Oriented Learning System, Novice and Intermediate Levels, 4 volumes, 1014 pp. with 26 hours of tapes, general editor and co-author with William Magee and Elizabeth Napper, under a grant from the International Research and Studies Program, Department of Education (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1993). Also: Fluent Tibetan: The Vocabulary and Dialogues: A multimedia supplement with additional dialogues. CD ROM, general editor and co-author with William Magee, Elizabeth Napper, and Alex Chapin (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1999).
On-line Publication
  • Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary, approx. 900 pp. A dictionary of translation-equivalents for Buddhist technical terms. Available at the Tibetan and Himalayan Library, University of Virginia.
  • “Death, Sleep, and Orgasm: Gateways to the Mind of Clear Light,” 17 pp., Journal of Chinese Philosophy 25 (1998); also in Living and Dying in Buddhist Cultures, edited by David W. Chappell & Karma Lekshe Tsomo (Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1988).
  • “Dependent-Arising and Nirvana,” 9 pp., in a volume resulting from a Buddhist-Christian Dialogue at Gethsemani (New York: The Continuum Publishing Group, 1998).
  • “Tibetan Monastic Colleges: Rationality Versus the Demands of Allegiance,” 9 pp., in Mythos Tibet: Wahrnehmunger, Projektionen, Phantasien edited by Thierry Dodin and Heinz Rather (Köln: DuMont, 1997); also in Imagining Tibet (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001).
  • “Compatibility of Emptiness and Appearance,” 5pp., in Tibet: the forms of emptiness (Montpellier, France: Art sans frontires, 1996).
  • “Nagarjuna’s Biography from Tibetan Sources: The Importance of Altruistic Persons in Cosmic Time,” 16 pp., in a felicitation volume for HH the Dalai Lama, edited by Professor S. S. Bahulkar, 1996.
  • “The Tibetan Genre of Doxography: Structuring a World-View,” 16 pp., in Tibetan Literature edited by Professors Jose Ignacio Cabezon and Roger Jackson (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1996).
  • “The Compatibility of Reason and Orgasm in Tibetan Buddhism: Reflections on Sexual Violence and Homophobia,” 22 pp., in Gay Affirmative Ethics, Gay Men’s Issues in Religious Studies, vol. 4, edited by Professors Michael L. Stemmeler and J. Michael Clark (Las Colinas: Monument Press, 1993); also in Que(e)rying Religion: A Critical Anthology (New York: Continuum, 1997); also in Queer Dharma: Voices of Gay Buddhists, edited by Winston Leyland (San Francisco: Gay Sunshine Press, 1997); also as “Reason and Orgasm in Tibetan Buddhism” in Love, Sex and Gender in the World Religions, vol. 2 of “The Meaning of Life in the World Religions” edited by Professors Joseph Runzo and Nancy M. Martin, 14 pp. (Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2000).
  • Extensively annotated and co-translated Tsong-kha-pa’s commentary on Chapter Six, stanzas 1-7 of Chandrakirti’s “Entrance to (Nagarjuna’s) ‘Treatise on the Middle’,” 45 pp., in Path to the Middle: Madhyamaka Philosophy in Tibet: The Oral Scholarship of Kensur Yeshay Tupden by Anne C. Klein (Albany: SUNY Press, 1994).
  • “A Tibetan Contribution on the Question of Mind-Only in the Early Yogic Practice School,” 68 pp., in Journal of Indian Philosophy 20 (1992).
  • “A Tibetan Perspective on the Nature of Spiritual Experience,” 35 pp., in Paths to Liberation: The Marga and its Transformations in Buddhist Thought, edited by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., and Robert M. Gimello (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1992).
  • “Tibetan Buddhism as a Living Religious Option,” 11 pp., in Radical Conservatism (Bangkok: Thai Inter-Religious Commission for Development, 1990).
  • “Tantric Buddhism, Degeneration or Enhancement: the View of a Tibetan Tradition,” 10 pp., Buddhist-Christian Studies 10 (1990).
  • “Three Case Reports of the Metabolic and Electroencephalographic Changes During Advanced Buddhist Meditation Techniques,” 5 pp., with Herbert Benson, M.S. Malhotra, Ralph F. Goldman, and Gregg D. Jacobs, Behavioral Medicine 16, no. 2 (Summer 1990).
  • “A Tibetan Delineation of Different Views of Emptiness in the Indian Middle Way School: Dzong-ka-pa’s Two Interpretations of the Locus Classicus in Chandrakirti’s Clear Words Showing Bhavaviveka’s Assertion Of Commonly Appearing Subjects And Inherent Existence,” 34 pp., The Tibet Journal 14, no. 1 (1989).
  • “Ultimate Reality in Tibetan Buddhism,” 30 pp., Buddhist-Christian Studies 8 (1988).
  • “Jeffrey Hopkins Responds to David Tracy,” 11 pp., Buddhist-Christian Studies 7 (1987).
  • “dGe lugs pa,” 4 pp., in M. Iliad’s Encyclopedia of Religion (New York: Macmillan, 1986).
  • “Reply to Alex Wayman’s Review of The Yoga of Tibet,” 22 pp., The Journal of the Tibet Society 5 (1985).
  • “The Ultimate Deity in Action Tantra and Jung’s Warning Against Identifying With the Deity,” 14 pp., Buddhist-Christian Studies 5 (1985): 159-172.
  • “Reason as the Prime Principle in Dzong-ka-pa’s Delineating Deity Yoga As the Demarcation Between Sutra and Tantra,” 21 pp., Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 7, no. 2 (1984).
  • “Body Temperature Changes During the Practice of Heat Yoga,” 3 pp., co-authored with Dr. Herbert Benson of Harvard University Medical School, et al, Nature 295 (Jan. 2l, 1982).
  • “Goiter in Tibetan Medicine,” 7 pp., co-authored with Dr. Gerard N. Burrow, The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 61 (1978).
  • “In Praise of Compassion,” 8 pp., The Tibet Journal 3, no. 3 (Autumn 1978).
Popular articles
  • “Equality: The First Step in Cultivating Compassion,” 3pp., Tricycle, Summer, 1999.
  • “A Session of Meditating on Emptiness,” 7 pp., The Middle Way 59, no. 1 (May 1984).
  • Prologue to Tibetan Portrait: the Power of Compassion, by Phil Borges (NY: Rizzoli, 1996).Text by H.H. the Dalai Lama and Epilogue by Elie Wiesel.
  • A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State by Melvyn C. Goldstein, 2 pp., in the Journal of Asian Studies 49, no. 4 (Aug.-Nov.1990): 901-902.
  • “Ocean of Reasoning,” 34 pp., translation from Tibetan of the second chapter of Dzong-ka-pa’s commentary on Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way (Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1977).
  • “Analysis of Going and Coming,” 28 pp., translation from Sanskrit and Tibetan of the second chapter of Chandrakirti’s Clear Words (Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 1976).
  • “Practice of Emptiness,” 26 pp., translation from Tibetan of the wisdom section of the Fifth Dalai Lama’s Sacred Word of Mañjushri (Dharamsala, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1974).